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What are moral rules, or what do we mean when we say that some action is wrong? We will look at four possible answers to that question:

  1. Commands of God (Divine Command Theory)
  2. Commands of Reason
  3. Rules of society that individuals accept in self interest
  4. Emotions

 

 

Religion

Euthyphro Dilemma

 

What provides the foundation of Morality if not God?

Ethical Theories based on Reason

Inro (Nagel piece)

Kant

Sidgwick

Social Contract

SEP Social Contract Entry

Leviathan Exerpt?

Locke? 

Rouseau??

Gauthier

Rawls

Based on passions

Hume (Slavery of Reason Argument & Motivation Argument)

Modern Non-cognitivist/Emotivist

Hybrid

Smith

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